The Indonesian government has taken a series of measures and provided incentives to stimulate the adoption of electric vehicles in the country. One of the key incentives is the tax exemption or discount offered to electric vehicle buyers, coupled with special parking rates and exemptions from the odd-even rule on several major roads in Jakarta. Additionally, the government has mandated the use of local components in electric vehicles, supporting the growth of the domestic manufacturing industry.
In terms of taxation, the Luxury Goods Sales Tax (PPnBM) is applied to four-wheeled vehicles with low carbon technology, providing discounts based on fuel type, efficiency, and emissions. Incentives also encompass the Motor Vehicle Tax (PKB) and Motor Vehicle Ownership Transfer Fee (BBNKB) for electric vehicles, calculated as a percentage of the tax base.
The government is also focusing on developing charging infrastructure in strategic locations such as gas stations, government offices, and shopping centers to enhance the accessibility of charging facilities. On the production side, Indonesia is committed to building a local EV battery supply chain, leveraging abundant nickel resources.
Despite challenges like limited demand and regional competition, the government views local investment as a key factor in reducing the costs of electric vehicles. Meeting Domestic Component Level (TKDN) requirements and revising TKDN regulations are focal points, with the hope of providing additional incentives for local manufacturers.
Furthermore, the policy of lower corporate income tax for electric vehicle manufacturers making significant investments serves as an additional stimulus. All these measures reflect Indonesia's commitment to leading in the adoption of electric vehicles and fostering innovation in this sector. By engaging various stakeholders and creating a supportive ecosystem, Indonesia aims to weave a greener future through electric vehicles.